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Duane S. Boning

For contributions to modeling and control in semiconductor manufacturing

Duane S. Boning is Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Duane S. Boning Photoat MIT. His degrees are also from MIT; he holds S.B. degrees in both computer science and electrical engineering, and earned the Ph.D. degree in 1991. His research focuses on interconnect technology, variation modeling, control, and  environmental issues in semiconductor and MEMS manufacturing with emphasis on chemical mechanical polishing and plasma etch, and CAD tools for statistical process, device, and circuit design. From 1991 to 1993 he was a Member of the Technical Staff at Texas Instruments in Dallas, where he worked on process/device simulation tool integration, semiconductor process representation, and statistical modeling and optimization. He has over 120 papers and conference presentations in these areas of research.

Prof. Boning is currently Associate Head for Electrical Engineering in the EECS Department at MIT. He was Associate Director of the MIT Microsystems Technology Laboratories from 1998 to 2004, and also served as Co-Director for Undergraduate Education in the Cambridge-MIT Institute, where he was active in undergraduate exchange programs and establishment of new educational research efforts. He has also been active in the MIT Leaders for Manufacturing Program (LFM), as well as the manufacturing program of the Singapore-MIT Alliance. He is Editor in Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing, and has been active in the IEEE International Interconnect Technology Conference and other workshops and meetings.

Joseph Paul Campbell

For leadership in biometrics, speech systems, and government applications

Joseph P. Joseph Paul Campbell PhotoCAMPBELL, Jr. (S'78, M'79, S'79, M'86, S'90, M'92, SM'97, F'05)  received B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1979, The Johns Hopkins University in 1986, and Oklahoma State University in 1992, respectively. Joe is currently a Senior Member of the Technical Staff at MIT Lincoln Laboratory in the Information Systems Technology Group, where he conducts speech-processing research and specializes in advanced speaker recognition methods. Joe's current foci are high-level features for and forensic-style applications of speaker recognition, creating corpora to support speech processing research and evaluation, robust speech coding, biometrics, and cognitive radio. Before joining Lincoln, he served 22 years at the National Security Agency (NSA).

From 1979 to 1990, Dr. Campbell was a member of NSA's Narrowband Secure Voice Technology research group. Joe and his teammates developed the first DSP-chip software modem and LPC-10e, which enhanced the Federal Standard 1015 voice coder and improved US and NATO secure voice systems.

He was the Principal Investigator and led the US Government's speech coding team in developing the CELP voice coder, which became Federal Standard 1016 and is the foundation of digital cellular and voice over the Internet telephony systems. From 1991 to 1998, Dr. Campbell was a senior scientist in NSA's Biometric Technology research group, where he led voice verification research. From 1994 to 1998, Joe chaired the

Biometric Consortium, the US Government's focal point for research, development, test, evaluation, and application of biometric-based personal identification and verification technology. From 1998 to 2001,

He led the Acoustics Section of NSA’s Speech Research branch, conducting and coordinating research on and evaluation of speaker recognition, language identification, gender identification, and speech activity detection methods.

From 1991 to 1999, Dr. Campbell was an Associate Editor of the "IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing." He was an IEEE Signal Processing Society Distinguished Lecturer in 2001. From 1991 to 2001.  From 1991 to 2001, Joe taught Speech Processing at the Johns Hopkins University.  Dr. Campbell is currently a member of the IEEE Signal Processing Society’s Board of Governors and Long Range Planning Committee; an Editor in Chief of “Digital Signal Process” journal; a Chair of the International Speech Communication Association’s Speaker and Language Characterization Special Interest Group (ISCA spLC SIG); a member of ISCA, Sigma Xi, and the Acoustical Society of America; and a Fellow of IEEE.

Clifton G. Fonstad

For leadership in compound semiconductor heterostructure devices

Clifton G. Fonstad received his BS degree in 1965 from the University of Wisconsin, Clifton G. Fonstad PhotoMadison, and his MS and Ph.D. degrees in 1966 and 1970, respectively, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).  He has been a faculty member at MIT since receiving his Ph.D., and teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in semiconductor devices and technology.  He is currently the Vitesse Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.

Professor Fonstad directs an active graduate student research group focused on monolithically integrating III-V functionality with silicon electronic circuits using their RM3 integration concept (recess mounting with monolithic metallization).  The group is currently developing OptoPill Assembly, the newest RM3 process, and using it to realize optoelectronic integrated circuits for a variety of applications, including optical clock and signal distribution on Si ICs, diffuse optical tomography on living tissue, and parallel signal processing in optically coupled neural network arrays.  The group is also concerned with the MBE-growth of III-V heterostructures and their application in a variety of advanced electronic and optoelectronic devices, including p-i-n photodiodes, quantum-well laser diodes, and microscale thermophotovoltaic cells.

With his students and collaborators, Professor Fonstad has published over 150 articles in refereed technical journals; he is also the author of "Microelectronic Devices and Circuits," an undergraduate text on semiconductor device physics, models, and applications.  He is a member of the Electron Devices and the Lasers and Electro-Optics Societies of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and of the American Physical Society.

George L. Heiter

For contributions to microwave circuits, including linear amplifiers and space diversity combiners.

George L. Heiter George L. Heiter Photoreceived his “Vordiplom” and “Dipl. Ing.” degrees from the Universities of Darmstadt and Karlsruhe/Germany, and his Ph.D. degree from Stanford University in 1957, 1959 and 1964, respectively.

He joined (then) Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1963, where he worked on high power ferrite materials and phase shifters, acoustic delay line and optical memories, and long-distance terrestrial microwave and hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) communication systems. He has published and holds patents in most of these areas. In 1996 he joined Analog Devices, Inc., developing multifunction chips for HFC and Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) systems and working on Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) chip set applications. He retired in December of 2001 and formed Heiter Microwave Consulting, specializing in the design of communication systems.

Within the MTT, he has chaired the Microwave Prize Awards Committee since 1991 and is an MTT representative to the European Conference on Wireless Communications. He has been a member of the Editorial Board of the Transactions, and a Guest Editor for both technical Special Issues and the December Special Issues for the International Microwave Symposia (IMS) in 2000, 2001 and 2002. For IMS, he served on Technical Program Committees, and on separate Steering Committees as Digest Editor, Transactions Editor and Publications Chair. He has fostered interactions between MTT Technical Committees, (co)-chaired the Committee on Microwave Systems (MTT-16) and is a member of MTT-9 and MTT-20.

He is a member of the IEEE Electron Devices Society, the American Physical Society and Sigma Xi.

James Joseph Komiak

For contributions to monolithic microwave integrated circuits, high power amplifiers, and transmit/receive modules

James J. Komiak received the Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering from Cornell James Joseph Komiak PhotoUniversity in 1978.  His Ph.D. research was directed towards a novel broadband matching technique for arbitrary loads using measured data directly, the "Real Frequency Technique".

Dr. Komiak is an Engineering Fellow in the Microwave Electronics Group at BAE Systems.  His current activities are in MMIC, module, and sub-system design for EW, communication, and radar system applications.  Principally known for work in power, Dr. Komiak has designed over 100 MMICs achieving state of the art results.  Prior to consolidation at Sanders and the subsequent sale to BAE Systems, Dr. Komiak was with the Lockheed Martin/Martin Marietta/General Electric Electronics Laboratory.

Dr. Komiak has been active with MTT-S and the IMS TPC with MTT-5/SC-19 High Power Amplifier Components.  He was with the IEEE GaAs IC Symposium TPC and ExCom and was Symposium Chairman in 2000.  He is also active as an Accreditation Board for Engineering & Technology IEEE-sponsored University Electrical Engineering Program Evaluator.  He has 65 publications and 6 patents relating to circuit theory, GaAs MMIC devices and technology, high power amplifiers, solid-state apertures, and RF/microwave design.  Dr. Komiak received the 2001 BAE Systems Silver Chairman’s Award for Innovation for "Blue Force Locator and Monitor", the 1993 Martin Marietta Jefferson Cup Award for "Outstanding Technical Leadership in Development and Demonstration of High Power and High Efficiency MMIC Amplifiers and T/R Modules for Phased Array Radar", and his work is represented in the MTT Symposium MMIC Historical Exhibit as "World's First Octave Band MMIC with Power Output in Excess of 10 Watts (1989)".

Shu T. Lai

For contributions to spacecraft interactions with space plasmas

Dr. Shu T. Lai, Shu T. Lai Photoa senior physicist in the Space Weather Center of Excellence, Space Vehicles Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts, is a recognized leader in spacecraft interactions with space plasmas.  This area is important to space science and engineering, systems, and missions.  He was previously with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory.

With his theoretical formulations and data analysis of spacecraft environmental interactions, Dr. Lai has contributed significantly to the maturation of spacecraft charging from its infancy in the late 1970s into its current state as a well-developed aerospace subject that impacts spacecraft design, space experiments, space electronics and spacecraft survivability.  Dr. Lai’s more than eighty publications, including three patents, communicate important advances in understanding the process of spacecraft surface charging, deep dielectric charging, mitigation techniques, critical velocity ionization in the vicinity of spacecraft, and hypervelocity impacts on spacecraft.

Dr. Lai received his Ph.D. in Physics from Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 1971 and the Certificate of Special Studies in Administration and Management from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 1986.  He was the leading guest editor of IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Special Issue on Space Plasmas, Dec 2000.  He was the Chair of the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Chapter, IEEE New England Section, 1993-1996.  He has chaired numerous sessions in conferences of IEEE, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), American Geophysical Union (AGU), American Physical Society (APS), and in Spacecraft Charging Technology Conferences.  He also served as the Chair of the AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Standards Committee, 1996-2002, and the Chair of the AIAA Atmospheric and Space Environments Technical Committee, Jan 2003-Jan 2005.  In addition to his election to IEEE Fellow, Dr. Lai is also a Fellow of the Institute of Physics, a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, and an Associate Fellow of AIAA. 

Hanoch Lev-Ari

For contributions to adaptive filtering and structured estimation for non-stationary signals

Hanoch Lev-Ari received the B.Sc. (Summa Cum Laude) in Hanoch Lev-Ari Photo1971, and the M.Sc. in 1978, both in electrical engineering from the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel; and the Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University in 1984.

During 1985 he held a joint appointment as an Adjunct Research Professor with the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA, and as a Research Associate with the Information Systems Laboratory at Stanford. He stayed at Stanford as a Senior Research Associate until 1990, when he joined the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Northeastern University. During 1994-1996 he was also the Director of the Communications and Digital Signal Processing (CDSP) Center at Northeastern University.

Dr. Lev-Ari's current research focuses on statistical signal processing under the nonstationary regime, multirate detection and estimation of random signals, and adaptive linear and non-linear filtering techniques, with applications to channel equalization, over-the horizon (OTH) radar, medical signal processing (MRI), subspace-based multistatic array processing, and signal processing in electric energy systems.  His past research has involved a number of mathematical techniques and a variety of applications in signal processing and linear systems, including: (i) lossless cascade models for multiple-input/multiple-output systems; (ii) orthogonal realization of filters; (iii) extension of maximum-entropy techniques to multi-dimensional signal processing; (iv) modeling, analysis and design of parallel algorithms and architectures; and (v) characterization of structured matrices, including inverses, sums and products of Toeplitz and Hankel matrices.

Dr. Lev-Ari served as an Associate Editor of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, and of Integration, the VLSI Journal, and is currently an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I.

James Francis Lynch

For contributions to sound transmission in shallow coastal waters for mapping bottom boundary layer characterizations

Dr. James F. Lynch James Francis Lynch Photowas born in Jersey City, New Jersey on June 3, 1950. He obtained his B.S. in Physics from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Texas at Austin in 1978. He then worked for three years at the Applied Research Laboratories of the University of Texas at Austin (ARL/UT) from 1978 to 1981, after which he joined the scientific staff at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). He has worked at WHOI since then, and currently holds the position of Senior Scientist in the Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department.  His research specialty areas are ocean acoustics and acoustical oceanography. He also greatly enjoys occasional forays into physical oceanography, marine geology, and marine biology. Dr. Lynch is a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, a Fellow of IEEE, and was recently Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. His hobbies include kempo karate, classical piano, and amateur meteorology.

Alan V. McCree

For contributions to low bit-rate coding of speech signals

McCree bioAlan V. McCree was born in Lower Hutt, New Zealand on April 20, 1960. Alan V. McCree PhotoHe received the B.S. degree in electrical engineering (magna cum laude) in 1981 and the M.E.E. degree in 1982, both from Rice University, Houston, and the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, in 1992. His thesis research under Professor Thomas P. Barnwell III resulted in the development of the Mixed Excitation Linear Predictive (MELP) speech coder.

Dr. McCree joined the Information Systems Technology Group at MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 2004, where he conducts research in speech processing. From 1993-2004, Dr. McCree worked at Texas Instruments in Dallas, where he was a Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff.  His work at TI focused on speech coding, speech synthesis, and noise suppression.  He was a key contributor to development of speech coders for digital answering machine, low-cost synthesis, and wireless communication applications, including the 2.4 kb/s MELP NATO Standard.  During 1992-1993, he was a consultant in speech coding at AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, where he investigated new approaches for generating high quality speech at low bit rates.  He was a Senior Engineer at M/A-COM Linkabit, San Diego, CA, from 1984 to 1988.  There he developed algorithms for medium rate speech coding, low rate speech coding, waveform coding of telephone modem signals, and echo cancellation, and implemented algorithms in real time on Texas Instruments digital signal processors.  As a geophysicist for Shell Oil, Houston, TX, from 1982 to 1984, he used signal processing techniques to improve the interpretation of electromagnetic data.

Dr. McCree has published 35 technical papers and been awarded 21 U.S. patents.  He is a Fellow of the IEEE, and has served as member of the IEEE Signal Processing Society Speech Technical Committee, Technical Chair for the the 2000 IEEE Workshop on Speech Coding, and Technical Committee member for numerous workshops and conferences.  He has served on Ph.D. thesis committees at Chalmers University, Tampere University, UCSB, and UCLA.  His paper with Dr. Barnwell, "A Mixed Excitation LPC Vocoder Model for Low Bit Rate Speech Coding," received the IEEE Signal Processing Society Outstanding Paper Award in 1997.

Andreas F. Molisch

For contributions to radio-channel models for wireless communications systems

Andreas F. Molisch Andreas F. Molisch Photo(S'89, M'95, SM’00, F'05) received the Dipl. Ing., Dr. techn., and habilitation degrees from the Technical University Vienna (Austria) in 1990, 1994, and 1999, respectively. From 1991 to 2000, he was with the TU Vienna, becoming an associate professor there in 1999.  From 2000-2002, he was with the Wireless Systems Research Department at AT&T Laboratories Research in Middletown, NJ. Since then, he has been a Senior Principal Member of Technical Staff with Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs, Cambridge, MA. He is also professor and chairholder for radio systems at Lund University, Sweden.

Dr. Molisch's current research interests are the measurement and modeling of mobile radio channels, MIMO systems, and ultrawideband systems. He has authored, co-authored or edited two books, seven book chapters, some 85 journal papers, and numerous conference contributions. He is an editor of the IEEE Trans. Wireless Comm., co-editor of a recent special issue on MIMO and smart antennas in J. Wireless Comm. Mob. Comp., co-editor of an upcoming IEEE JSAC special issue on UWB, and vice-chairman of the TPC of the 2005 spring IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference. He is the chairman of the COST273 and IEEE 802.15.4a channel modeling groups, vice chairman of Commission C (signals and systems) of URSI (International Union of Radio Scientists), and recipient of several awards.

Paul Nikolich

For leadership in enabling ubiquitous broadband internet access and associated standards

Mr. Nikolich Paul Nikolich Photois an industry consultant and investor working in the technology, standards, intellectual property and venture investing fields since September 2001.  He serves on the technology advisory boards of several companies developing emerging communications technologies and products and provides strategic consulting services to senior executives in the communications services and products industries.  Mr. Nikolich currently serves as Chairman of the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee, a Standards Development organization that has activities which spans more than 50 projects in wireline and wireless communications and has over 1600 active members.  He is a member of the IEEE Standards Association Standards Board and of the New Standards Committee.  Prior to his current role, Mr. Nikolich co-founded Broadband Access Systems, Inc. in February 1998 where he was Vice President of Technology and Standards and responsible for technology vision and intellectual property creation and management.  Prior to BAS, Mr. Nikolich has held a number of technical positions of increasing responsibility at several networking & technology companies beginning in 1978. He received a BS in Electrical Engineering and a M.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Polytechnic University in Brooklyn, N.Y.

Rosalind Wright Picard

For contributions to image and video analysis and affective computing

Rosalind W. Picard Rosalind Wright Picard Photois founder and director of the Affective Computing Research Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Media Laboratory and is co-director of Things That Think, the largest industrial research consortium at the laboratory. She holds a Bachelors in Electrical Engineering with highest honors from the Georgia Institute of Technology, and Masters and Doctorate degrees, both in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, from MIT. Prior to completing her doctorate at MIT, she was a Member of the Technical Staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories where she designed VLSI chips for digital signal processing and developed new methods of image compression and analysis.  She has been a member of the MIT faculty at the Media Laboratory since 1991.

The author of over a hundred peer-reviewed scientific articles in multidimensional signal modeling, computer vision, pattern recognition, machine learning, and human-computer interaction, Picard is known internationally for pioneering research in affective computing and, prior to that, for pioneering research in content-based image and video retrieval. Her articles are highly cited, and two have earned best paper prizes. Her award-winning book, _Affective Computing_, (MIT Press, 1997) lays the groundwork for giving machines the skills of emotional intelligence. She and her students have invented a variety of new sensors, algorithms, and systems for sensing, recognizing, and responding intelligently to human affective information, with applications in human and machine learning, health, and human-computer interaction.  Picard lives in Newton, MA with her husband and three sons.

John Anderson Plumer

For contributions to the protection of aircraft from the effects of lightning

Biography and picture not available at press time.

J. Anderson Plumer John Anderson Plumer Photois Founder and Chief Engineer of Lightning Technologies, Inc., a corporation engaged in Research, Development, Design, Testing, and Training aimed at development of protection solutions for advanced aerospace and industrial facilities and systems against lightning and other electrical hazards.  Mr. Plumer has contributed to the design and airworthiness certification of lightning protection for numerous military and civilian airplanes and helicopters, and is developer and lead Instructor for the company training courses, "Lightning Protection of Aircraft" and "Lightning Protection of Avionics".  He has supported NTSB, US military services, and FAA on investigation of aircraft accidents related to lightning, and he was the Lightning Protection Team Leader for the CargoLifter (Germany) CL-160 transport airship.  He also is co-author of the book “Lightning Protection of Aircraft” and the author of numerous technical papers, reports and articles in the technology areas of lightning and electromagnetic effects and protection design for aircraft.   Mr. Plumer is a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, and a member of SAE Subcommittee AE2 and EUROCAE Working Group 31 on lightning protection for aircraft.   Mr. Plumer was recipient of the Admiral Luiz DeFlorez Flight Safety Award in 1978,  “For Advances and Developments in Protection of Aircraft Electrical and Electronic Systems from the Effects of Lightning,” and was presented the medal of the Office Nationale d’Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales (ONERA) (France), for leadership of international lightning protection standardization activities for aircraft (1999).  He is a chartered engineer in the United Kingdom. 

Phillip Miles Smith

For contributions to microwave high electron mobility transistors

Phillip M. Smith Phillip Miles Smith Photograduated from Punahou School in Honolulu, Hawaii.  He received BS, MS and PhD degrees, all in Electrical Engineering, from Cornell University in Ithaca, NY.  In 1981 he joined the Electronics Laboratory (E-Lab) in Syracuse, NY, remaining there for fifteen years, first as part of GE (1981-1993), then Martin Marietta (1993-1995) and finally Lockheed Martin (1995-1996).  In 1996 he transferred to Sanders, a Lockheed Martin Company, in Nashua, New Hampshire, which was subsequently acquired by BAE Systems in 2000.  Dr. Smith is currently Director of Microwave Devices & Circuits.

Throughout his career, Dr. Smith has been actively involved in the development of microwave semiconductor devices and related circuitry, with particular emphasis on high electron mobility transistors based on GaAs, InP and GaN material systems.  He has authored or co-authored 144 publications and presentations.  Awards include an Electronics Letters Premium  for a 1986 paper reporting the first transistor amplifier at 94 GHz and his selection as a Sanders Engineering Fellow in 1996 for "long-standing technical excellence in the field of solid-state microwave device and circuit technology".  He has served on Technical Program Committees for the International Microwave Symposium (IMS), RFIC Symposium, IEDM and IPRM.

Aleksander M. Stankovic

For contributions to modeling, analysis and control of transients in energy processing systems

Aleksandar M. Stankovic obtained the Dipl. Ing. degree from the University of Aleksander M. Stankovic PhotoBelgrade, Yugoslavia in 1982, the M.S. degree from the same institution in 1986, and the Ph.D. degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1993, all in electrical engineering.  He has been with  the Department of Electrical and

Computer Engineering at Northeastern University, Boston since 1993, presently as a Professor.

His research interests are in modeling, analysis, estimation and control of power electronic converters, electric drives and power systems.    He serves as an Associate Editor for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems and for IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine;  he served IEEE Transactions on Control System Technology in the same capacity from 1997 to 2001, covering power electronics and drives.   He has held visiting positions at  the United Technologies Research Center (sabbatical in 2000)  and at  L'Universite de Paris-Sud.  He is also a co-editor of book series on Power Systems and Power Electronics for Springer.

James Ward

For leadership in space-time adaptive processing for radar and sonar systems

Dr. James WardJames Ward Photo is Leader of the Advanced Sensor Techniques Group at MIT Lincoln Laboratory, where he has worked since 1990.  His areas of technical expertise include signal processing for radar, sonar, and communications systems, adaptive array and space-time adaptive processing, detection and estimation theory, and systems analysis. Dr. Ward has given tutorials on space-time adaptive processing and radar adaptive array processing at several IEEE international radar and phased array conferences. He has been an organizer and lecturer at several Lincoln Laboratory short courses on radar systems. He received the Bachelor of Electrical Engineering degree from the University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, in 1985 and the MSEE and Ph.D. degrees from the Ohio State University in 1987 and 1990, respectively.  In 2001 he was the recipient of the MIT Lincoln Laboratory Technical Excellence Award, and in 2003 received the IEEE AESS Fred Nathanson Young Radar Engineer Award for contributions to adaptive radar and sonar signal processing. Dr. Ward is a newly elected Fellow of the IEEE.

Albert J. Williams

For contributions to the development of instrumentation for measuring oceanic processes

Albert J. Williams 3rd was born in Philadelphia on October 17, 1940.  He graduated Albert J. Williams Photofrom Germantown Friends School in 1958, from Swarthmore College with an AB in physics in 1962, and from Johns Hopkins University with a Ph.D. in physics in 1969.  Sandy, as he has been called since birth, married Isabelle Phillips in 1963 and they have a daughter, Helen Isabelle born in 1981.  He came to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution as a Postdoctoral Investigator in 1969 and was appointed Assistant Scientist in 1970.  He has been Associate Scientist, Senior Scientist, Department Chair of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering, and since January 2003, Scientist Emeritus, all at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.  His research has used novel measurement techniques that he developed to observe oceanic microstructure, turbulent mixing, and benthic boundary layer processes.  He observed salt fingers in the Mediterranean outflow in 1972 and added an acoustic velocity sensor to his free drifting shadowgraph probe to reveal shear at density interfaces.  He has extended his current measurement technique to a modular current sensor, MAVS that is low cost and can measure directional wave spectra as well as current and turbulence in the boundary layer.  This sensor is marketed by a company, Nobska Development, Inc., that he founded in 1997.  He enjoys travel, with his wife, and sailing and gardening.  He is past chairman of the Current Measurement Technology Committee of the Oceanic Engineering Society and recipient of the Distinguished Technical Achievement Award for the year 2000.

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